A trapezoidal profile angle of a tooth for a roughing tool.

Correction of Trapezoidal Profile Angle of Tooth of the Roughing Hob for Production Roughing Straight-Sided Spline Shafts

March 6, 2013
Modifying angles Options for tool designers

Our frequent contributor Mark Grizotsky writes with additional information on the subject of straight-sided spline shafts.

“When we find a trapezoidal profile or form for the angle of the tooth of a roughing hob, we have a more simple and technological way of producing these hobs. Instead of grinding after heat-treating the curves on the tooth, we grind a simple trapezoidal profile. It gives us an advantage, and a profit.

“But, after some research of the milling splines we understood that the angle of the teeth of a hob can be changed and give us different curves of grinding allowance on the splines depending upon elements.

“These elements are included in this formula:

Formula MLG-2 (empirical)

 Angle M (degree)

= arctan [(1/2H) (S+B/cos 3.14159/Z)-d (tan 3.14159/Z) + A)]

A = G/N (cos 3.14159/Z)

1. H - is the depth tooth of hob from the pitch of the line.
2. S - is the thickness tooth of hob on the pitch of the line.
3. B - is spline thickness (finish size).
4. Z - are numbers of splines of shaft.
5. d - is the root ( inside) diameter with allowance of the spline shaft.
6. A - is finding by us supplementary element.
7. G - is grinding allowance.
8. N - is coefficient of angle.
9. If N=1, angle M has maximum size and maximum grind allowance.
10. If N = 2 and 3 - angle is less and grind allowance less.

“The tool-designer has a choice depending upon the technology of production,” he concluded.

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