Figures 1 and 2 Show the alternative efforts to hold the workpiece vertically in a vice Figure 1 and vertically in a vice and clamp with a bolt and nut Figure 2 but both efforts resulted in the same poor quality finish

Figures 1 and 2. Show the alternative efforts to hold the workpiece vertically in a vice (Figure 1), and vertically in a vice and clamp with a bolt and nut (Figure 2), but both efforts resulted in the same poor quality finish.

Some Examples of Fixture Designs

Example 1: vibration, poor surface quality Example 2: different orientation, same result Example 3: expert advice

Our frequent correspondent has delivered three useful examples of fixtures, designed in the machine shop and their effects for a specific workholding task:

“In the first example, the fixture was designed in the shop. (See Figure 1.) The blank was made from forging steel, and the task involved machining a slot.

The blank was held, gripped in a vice on horizontal support on the milling machine. Machining was done by a milling cutter with a horizontal head.  The blank was held in vertical position in a vice.

As result, there was a terrible noise from the vibration of the end of the blank, and a poor quality surface from the machining because of the vibration.

Figure 3 shows how the blank was placed on a horizontal fixture on the horizontal support of milling machine, and a milling cutter with a vertical head was used.

Seeing the negative result in the shop, the operator then tried to hold the blank in a vertical position (See Figure 2), using a gib clamp with bolt and nut.

The result was same that in example first.

Third Example — In the third example (See Figure 3), a tool-designer offered this design for a fixture. The blank was placed on a horizontal fixture on the horizontal support of milling machine, and a vertical head was used with same milling cutter. The blank was held on the fixture with bolts and nuts.

The result: No noise due to vibration and good surface quality on the machined part — and thanks from shop.”

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