Major Tool & Machine (MTM) is a large job shop producing precision milled and turned hardware at its expansive, 500,000-sq.ft. operation in Indianapolis. Performance is essential, because MTM contracts with aerospace, energy, nuclear, and defense manufacturers to complete many mission-critical, one-off projects. Owner and CEO Steve Weyreter will tell you openly: MTM is more competitive by way of a significant CNC technology change, one that started with an aggressive retrofit strategy.
Günther Zimmermann, CNC controls engineer at MTM, said the company’s retrofit program and the decision to adopt the Siemens SINUMERIK CNC platform have brought a new enthusiasm and momentum to the shop. Over the past two years the change also has brought significant time and cost reductions, especially in the areas of programming, maintenance engineering, and machine operations.
“The initial goal in early 2010 was to retrofit two Cincinnati U5 gantry machines,” Zimmermann recounted. “We evaluated two CNC technology platforms and after considerable analysis our CEO, Steve Weyreter, announced that Siemens would best support the company’s future.”
The decision to reduce costs by moving to a single CNC platform was the least difficult decision for the company to make, Zimmermann explained. The larger challenge for MTM was to integrate a CNC technology platform that was new to the company.
Bill Henderson, MTM’s manager of large machining and maintenance, agreed that the decision to change to a Siemens CNC platform integrated with advanced part and tool probing was critical, because the shop manages constant changeovers from one complex job to the next, making setup times a critical time/cost constraint for the shop. Another big advantage is the increased flexibility established by having to train machinists and maintenance personnel on just one type of control.
“The decision to change to a new control has signaled higher expectations for the company,” Henderson continued, “along with new challenges for those who program, operate and maintain the company’s big machines.
“Naturally, there’s a resistance to change,” he indicated. “People are comfortable with what they normally run, but after our discussions with the people on the plant floor, they understood the overall objective. Our retrofit program is not finished, yet it’s already showing tremendous benefits.”
Retrofitter Doug Huber said having Siemens as a CNC technology partner has made a difference for Major Tool & Machine, but it’s also been an evolutionary improvement for his own retrofitting company, Indiana Automation.
“Indiana Automation has increasingly used Siemens controls in recent years,” Huber explained. “On a retrofit, we always try to exceed what the original machine could do, and that’s just kind of inherent when you put on a Siemens 840D. Major Tool’s first retrofits were the Cincinnati U5 machines, a bridge model and two gantry models. These are five-axis machines and five-axis is the 840D’s forte. The processing power of the control is so much better, that it just whips through the blocks faster. So, right off, cycle time is a major performance enhancement.”
Huber said something else happened this time. As his firm finished retrofitting the first three giant machines with Siemens five-axis controls, drives and motors, the reaction at Major Tool was not just that the machines were now predictably more efficient, but that they performed as very different machines. A new advantage is the ability to interchange machining heads from machine-to-machine, and all driven by the Siemens CNC platform.
“On many of the U5 machines, the axes come off with the heads,” Huber explained, “and we rebuilt these machines to accept any one of three different heads. That’s one of Major Tool’s key strategies. They insist on having flexible machine capabilities, so that they can run all kinds of different parts. They have straight heads for serious metal cutting, contour heads for five-axis work and finesse work.
“They have 90-degree heads for more flexibility than a straight head,” he continued, “but it’s also not as fragile as the contour head. And, they wanted to interchange all of these heads to automatically go pick up a head out of the shuttle and, on the fly, reconfigure the axes and the zero positions. To do this, the compensation tables all had to be updated. Everything needed to be done with the macro program so that each head came on ready to run.”
The interchangeable head strategy was a challenge, Huber said, because the machines were not originally capable of sharing heads. But, with support from Siemens the strategy has worked, including the ability to interchange rotary tables as well as heads.
“Each head or rotary table has a configuration file that has all the settings and compensations and travels with it from machine to machine,” he detailed. “So, now when you mount that head the control just runs the configuration file that goes with it and its all set up for you.
“We also incorporated Siemens Tool Management for each machine’s 60-pocket tool chain. We used the feature on these machines to manage all the different tooling MTM uses, both in the automatic tool changer as well as the ones manually loaded.”
Huber said MTM’s ability to transition smoothly to more advanced CNC is due largely to the HMI’s ease of use. “The Operate interface is a huge help to us, and to Major Tool,” he said. “The HMI helps make better parts. And it didn’t take very long for the operators to fall in love with it.”
Leveraging the machinist’s skills
“I had never used a Siemens control before,” admitted MTM machinist Mike Burthay. “I have extensive knowledge of G-code and CNC controls, and I would say the Siemens 840D sl with the Operate interface is the easiest one I’ve ever run. It’s user friendly, … that’s exactly the words for it.”
Burthay listed several ways that the Siemens SINUMERIK Operate interface has made his life easier. “There’s not as much G-code,” he said. “The control does it all for you as long as you put in the parameters as to size, length, width. Then, once you’re in Job Mode, there’s a screen where you can tool change or jog the machine around to certain positions, or turn the spindle on, turn the coolant on, anything that traditionally required G-code. So now, you can push a cycle-stop button to pause the machine, enter a change such as turning coolant on, and then restart the program.
“Another function I love is Block Search,” Burthay said, “which allows me to start or restart right in the middle of a program. Say you’re finishing a pocket and you have to run the tool two or three times to get a tight tolerance. I can enter in a line number and hit Block Search, the control picks up every line before that, restarts the spindle, and everything for you.”
Burthay said the Siemens control also enables him to program parts right on the machine whenever necessary, using a simple, yet robust program, called ShopMill.
“I can go into ShopMill, type in some parameters, and it will kick out that G-code program for me automatically,” Burthay explained. “Say I want to drill a hole two inches deep. I open ShopMill, pick my tool, tell it the depth, and these steps are all interactive on the screen. It even shows me 3D motion images of the tool path, confirms the drill going down as expected into the part. So, I hit go and it puts a drill cycle into the program for me.”
Programmed for collaborative growth
From the beginning, Major Tool’s lead programmer Tim Hayden has conducted all processor setups for the newly retrofitted machines. Hayden said integrating the Siemens CNC platform has been an empowering experience he had not expected, given the fact that he had never before set up a post processor to run a Siemens control, nor had he ever before operated a Siemens control.
“Now, when I look at the Siemens control, I think, ‘Man, it would have been so much better to have had it all along’,” Hayden said, “because the other control I’ve been using is just a lot more cryptic. The Siemens control with the SINUMERIK Operate interface is more powerful for writing macros and the language seems modern, whereas the other control seems like it is still based on an old FORTRAN type language.”
Hayden points to the Frames coordinate and offset programming function of the Siemens interface as an example of improved programming convenience.
“We do a lot of work on compound angles,” Hayden explained, “and with the Siemens Frames function, you can scale and rotate your coordinate system on the control, just plug it in with your work offsets. Whereas, on the other control you will see a G54 request, you’ve got to enter G-code. You can’t just plug it into your work offsets like you can with the Siemens control.”
Hayden said the SINUMERIK Operate interface brings greater programming flexibility. The HMI allows him to enter G-code using a comparatively more advanced manual data entry (MDI) function; however the HMI has all but eliminated the need for G-code entry because of its intuitive design and evolved capabilities.
Another example of such HMI evolution involves data management.
“When we post a program, we no longer have to use a G-code-based MDI,” Hayden explained. “We no longer need to type in T= and enter a nine-digit number, and then enter M6 to make a tool change. With the Operate HMI, you pick your tool off a screen and hit cycle start. It’s just as easy to program going to a position. Instead of doing things the old way by typing G0X0Y0Z0 into the MDI, you open the Operate interface, click position, then click how you want to wrap it, and then you just type the numbers into those fields. So it’s a lot more user friendly.”
Hayden said the Siemens CNC platform has supported greater collaboration at MTM between him and the machinists, and this is helping the company find ways to increase performance and efficiency. He agrees with his coworkers’ assessments that shorter setup times and greater operator freedom are making a significant difference.
“One of our production bottlenecks has been programming,” Hayden said. “The machinists that run our machines are professionals, they’re not button pushers, and with the SINUMERIK Operate interface, we can now rely on them to control and program certain parts right on their machines, while we programmers work on the more complex projects.”
“Siemens was the best fit for all of us,” Hayden concluded. “Siemens CNC is set up as an open control, and with that kind of flexibility, it seems anything is possible.”